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微波輔助炭基催化劑催化熱解生物質的研究進展

李攀 胡秋輝 胡俊豪 陳志勇 張永勝 方書起 常春

李攀, 胡秋輝, 胡俊豪, 陳志勇, 張永勝, 方書起, 常春. 微波輔助炭基催化劑催化熱解生物質的研究進展[J]. 工程科學學報, 2023, 45(9): 1592-1601. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2022.11.16.002
引用本文: 李攀, 胡秋輝, 胡俊豪, 陳志勇, 張永勝, 方書起, 常春. 微波輔助炭基催化劑催化熱解生物質的研究進展[J]. 工程科學學報, 2023, 45(9): 1592-1601. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2022.11.16.002
LI Pan, HU Qiuhui, HU Junhao, CHEN Zhiyong, ZHANG Yongsheng, FANG Shuqi, CHANG Chun. Research progress on biomass catalytic pyrolysis via microwave effects combined with carbon-based catalysts[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2023, 45(9): 1592-1601. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2022.11.16.002
Citation: LI Pan, HU Qiuhui, HU Junhao, CHEN Zhiyong, ZHANG Yongsheng, FANG Shuqi, CHANG Chun. Research progress on biomass catalytic pyrolysis via microwave effects combined with carbon-based catalysts[J]. Chinese Journal of Engineering, 2023, 45(9): 1592-1601. doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2022.11.16.002

微波輔助炭基催化劑催化熱解生物質的研究進展

doi: 10.13374/j.issn2095-9389.2022.11.16.002
基金項目: 國家自然科學基金資助項目(52006200);河南省杰出外籍科學家工作室資助項目(GZS2022007);南陽市協同創新重大專項(鄭州大學南陽研究院)資助項目(22XTCX12007)
詳細信息
    通訊作者:

    E-mail: yzhang@zzu.edu.cn

  • 中圖分類號: TK6

Research progress on biomass catalytic pyrolysis via microwave effects combined with carbon-based catalysts

More Information
  • 摘要: 炭基催化劑具有制備成本低、催化后處理簡單等優點,但存在易積碳失活、產物選擇性低等缺點,結合微波效應,可明顯提高炭基催化劑的競爭力。本文對微波輔助炭基催化劑熱解生物質的研究進展進行了現狀綜述。主要介紹了微波加熱原理,吸波劑和催化劑對于微波熱解的影響機制。分析了不同改性方法(金屬負載法、化學法、磺化等)對炭基催化劑的孔隙結構、含氧官能團和酸性基團及催化反應產物特性的影響。總結了微波輔助改性炭基催化劑在焦油重整和改善生物質熱解產物特性等方面的應用進展。本文對該研究方向存在的問題提出建議并進行展望,為基于微波催化熱解作用下炭基催化劑的選擇、改性和生物質高值化利用提供一定的參考。

     

  • 圖  1  常規加熱和微波加熱方式對比[13]. (a)常規加熱;(b) 微波加熱

    Figure  1.  Comparison of conventional and microwave heating[13]: (a) conventional heating;(b) microwave heating

    圖  2  活性炭基催化劑催化熱解葡萄糖和纖維素制備酚類機理圖[33]

    Figure  2.  Diagram of the mechanism of the activated carbon-based catalyst to catalyze the pyrolysis of glucose and cellulose to produce phenols[33]

    圖  3  催化劑制備流程圖[42]

    Figure  3.  Flow chart of catalyst preparation[42]

    圖  4  不同溫度下木質素的熱解途徑[51]

    Figure  4.  Pyrolysis pathway of lignin at different temperatures[51]

    圖  5  棕櫚仁殼熱解蒸氣催化重整實驗裝置圖[56]

    Figure  5.  Experimental setup of the palm kernel shell (PKS) pyrolysis steam catalytic reforming[56]

    表  1  不同改性方法對炭基催化劑特性及熱解產物的影響

    Table  1.   Effects of different modification methods on the characteristics and pyrolysis products of carbon-based catalysts

    MaterialsCatalystResultReference
    CorncobGp?SO3H?H2O2After H2O2 modification, the total amount of acidic groups increased from 1.80 mmol·g?1 to 2.55 mmol·g?1, and the xylose and glucose produced by corncob increased from 54.7% and 9.3% to 79.7% and 11.5% respectively.[43]
    Pine sawdust, plasticsNi?CaO?CNi?CaO?C was synthesized by the rising pH method. The hydrogen production performance of Ni?CaO?C was better than that of Ni?Al2O3, and the co-pyrolysis effect of Ni?CaO?C on H2 production was HDPE(high density polyethylene) > PP(polypropylene) > PS(polystyrene).[44]
    Douglas firMgO/phosphoric acid activated carbon catalystThe main components of bio-oil produced by catalytic pyrolysis of Douglas Fir were phenols, ketones, aldehydes and furans, accounting for 75.9%–90.5%.[45]
    Peanut shellsHCl and MnCl2-modified carbon-based catalystsCarbon-based catalysts inhibited the formation of pyrolytic acids; HCl increased the selectivity of phenols and inhibited the formation of H2; MnCl2 improved the selectivity of phenol and alkylated phenols and promoted the formation of H2 and CH4.[46]
    TarPorous silicon film overcoating biomass char-supported catalystSiO2 film combined with microporous biochar enhanced the adsorption of tar molecules and gas. The formed FeNi3 nano-alloy particles can prevent the aggregation of nano-metal particles and reduce carbon deposition. After repeated use, the tar conversion rate was stable.[47]
    TarActivation of carbon-based catalysts by KOH, H3PO4 and ZnCl2The tar conversion rates of catalyst-free, RHC(rice husk char), ZnCl2?RHC, H3PO4?RHC and KOH?RHC were 66.9%, 76.7%, 83.4%, 91.6% and 94.2%, respectively. RHC?KOH obtained the maximum yield of the four gas components.[48]
    XylitolMetal-modified carbon-based catalystThe activity of Pt?Ni/C, Pt?Co/C and Pt?Ru/C catalysts and the
    selectivity of H2 were close to those of Pt/C
    [49]
    下載: 導出CSV

    表  2  不同微波催化熱解條件下的主要產物

    Table  2.   Primary products under different microwave catalytic pyrolysis conditions

    MaterialsCatalystProductReference
    TolueneNi/rice husk charThe cracking rate of toluene was 95.12%, and the concentration of hydrogen in the gaseous product was 92.04%.[63]
    Moso bamboo sawdustMoso bamboo biocharWith the increase of biochar load, CO+H2 also increased, with the highest yield of 65.31%.[64]
    Rice strawRice straw biocharThe tar removal efficiency was 94.03%, and the H2 and syngas contents were 50.5% and 94.5%, respectively.[65]
    Douglas firAcid washed granular activated carbonAfter the addition of activated carbon, the contents of total phenol and phenol increased to 66.9% and 39.0%, respectively.[66]
    Palm kernel shellActivated carbon and lignite charAt 500 ℃, the mass fraction of phenol and total phenol in bio-oil reached 64.58% and 71.24%, respectively.[67]
    Corn cobFe/phosphoric acid acidified biocharThe main components of bio-oil obtained by microwave catalytic pyrolysis were phenols, and the yields of bio-oil and phenols were not closely related to the times of use.[68]
    TarNi/ rice husk charWhen the load increased to 16.86% (mass fraction), the tar conversion increased from 78.6% to 98.6%. Microwave promoted the removal of tar and the formation of syngas and improved the stability of catalytic cracking of Ni/ rice husk char.[69]
    Douglas firFerrum-modified activated carbonUnder certain conditions, the ketone content accounted for about 38% of the bio-oil, and the organic acid content decreased significantly.[70]
    Lignin, polyethyleneZn modified lignin-based charAt 450 °C, when the LDPE (low density polyethylene) dosage was 12.5%, the hydrocarbon yield was the highest. At 550 °C, when the LDPE dosage was 20%, the phenolic yield was the highest.[71]
    Dunaliella salinaNa2CO3/AC,CaCO3/ACThe dehydration effect of activated carbon catalyst on microalgae was better than that of Na2CO3 and CaCO3; In the process of microwave pyrolysis, AC/Na2CO3 was better than AC/CaCO3.[72]
    下載: 導出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-16
  • 網絡出版日期:  2023-01-12
  • 刊出日期:  2023-09-25

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